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- Restaurants in the zone: 16 €
The Community of Madrid (English: /məˈdrɪd/; Spanish: Comunidad de Madrid Spanish: [komuniˈðað ðe maˈðɾið]) is one of the seventeen autonomous communitiesof Spain. It is located in the centre of the Iberian Peninsula, and of the Central Plateau (''Meseta Central''). Its capital is the city of Madrid, which is also the capital of the country. The Community of Madrid is bounded to the south and east by Castilla–La Mancha and to the north and west by Castile and León. It was formally created in 1983, based on the limits of the province of Madrid, which was until then conventionally included in the historical region of New Castile.
The Community of Madrid is the third most populous in Spain with 6,549,979 (2018) inhabitants mostly concentrated in the metropolitan area of Madrid. It is also the most densely populated autonomous community. In absolute terms, Madrid's economy is roughly equal in size to that of Catalonia, which remains Spain's largest. Madrid thus has the highest GDP per capita in the country.
The region contains three World Heritage Sites: the Monastery and Royal Site of El Escorial, the University and historic centre of Alcalá de Henares, and the cultural landscape of Aranjuez. In addition, the is part of the transnational Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe world heritage site.
Despite the existence of a large city of 5 million people, the Community of Madrid still retains some remarkably unspoiled and diverse habitats and landscapes. Madrid is home to mountain peaks rising above 2,000 m, holm oak dehesas and low-lying plains. The slopes of the Guadarrama mountain range are cloaked in dense forests of Scots pine and Pyrenean oak. The Lozoya Valley supports a large black (monk) vulture colony, and one of the last bastions of the Spanish imperial eagle in the world is found in the Park Regional del Suroeste in dehesa hills between the Gredos and Guadarrama ranges. The recent possible detection of the exi…
- Community of Madrid: Community of Madrid is an autonomous community of Spain with a single province:
Madrid : The province extends as a triangle from the north with the Sierra de Guadarrama (Peñalara Peak (2,430 m.) through the plains and plateaus to the south in the valleys of Manzanares, Henares, Tajuña, Jarama and Tajo Almost in the center of the Peninsula (the center is Cerro de los Ángeles in Getafe) Madrid, breakwater of all Spain, is the political and administrative capital since it was elevated to the capital of the kingdom with Felipe II in 1561. Founded by the Arabs under the name of Magerit, Alfonso X granted him the royal jurisdiction (1262), protected by the Catholic Monarchs, inhabited by Austrians and Bourbons.
Impossible to summarize in a few lines, cite in passing in any case some monuments and places: the monasteries of the Incarnation and the Barefoot; the churches of S. Nicolás, S. Jerónimo el Real and S. Francisco el Grande; the doors of Alcalá and Toledo; the Palace of the East; the Retiro park; the Plaza Mayor, the Puerta del Sol, the Prado Museum; the sources of Neptune and Cibeles; the Madrid of the Austrias, the Salamanca district, the Castellana, ... Overpopulation, highways, subway and suburbs have removed the barriers of the huge city and agglutinates large cities: Getafe, Móstoles, Alcorcón, S. Fernando de Henares, ...
In the east, Alcala de Henares of Roman origin and of Arab descent. It was and is a university city, it preserves the splendid building of the cisneriana university and all the cloisters, the paraninfo and the chapel, the Cathedral, the archbishop's palace, the Cervantes house, the Bernardas convent, and other convents, minor schools and manor houses. Nuevo Baztán, an extraordinary illustrated urban complex founded by Juan de Goyeneche. Loeches, where is the Dominican convent and annex the Pantheon of Olivares and Alba.
Aranjuez is the capital of Las Vegas, located at the confluences of the Tagus and Jarama, is a royal residence from the Catholic Monarchs. With Philip II a palace was built, which was transformed and expanded by the Bourbons. Its gardens of the Island and the Prince are famous, the squares, the baroque churches, the mansions, mansions and barracks are of interest in the town center. Of the surrounding towns we highlight: Batres, which preserves the castle of the poet Garcilaso; Colmenar de Oreja with its square, the church, the Zacatín arch and the Czech Ulpiano museum; Chinchón, a peculiar town that gave title to the county from the Catholic Monarchs, famous for its aniseed, the Plaza Mayor, the churches of the Assumption and S. Antón, the exempt tower, the Jewish quarter and the castle; and Titulcia.
In the northwest area from Navacerrada (ski resort) to Cadalso, it is worth stopping at S. Lorenzo de El Escorial, where Felipe II ordered the construction of the monastery and pantheon of the Spanish kings. All its set is an architectural jewel completed by the palaces, the Royal Colosseum of Carlos III, the University "María Cristina" (Summer University Courses). Other places to visit are: Navalcarnero, Pelayos de la Presa and S. Martín de Valdeiglesias, a town that belonged to D. Alvaro de Luna, preserves the castle of Coracera.
The north is a triangle where the provinces of Segovia, Guadalajara and Madrid converge, there the traveler can find places of great natural and artistic beauty: the Lozoya River Valley, with Buitrago, a town that preserves the walled enclosure of Arab origin, the castle and the church of St. Mary; the Monastery of El Paular, first cartuja in the 14th century and now Benedictine with a hotel and inn in what was the cloister of the lay people; Manzanares el Real, here stands its famous castle built in the 15th century by Mendoza, in its vicinity the natural landscape of La Pedriza; the Hayedo de Montejo, a forest of immense value and beauty; Miraflores; Torrelaguna; and Patones.